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IMAN TIMBUL DARI PENDENGARAN, DAN PENDENGARAN AKAN FIRMAN ALLAH. TANPA IMAN YANG BENAR, MAKA MANUSIA AKAN MELAYANI ALLAH TANPA PENGERTIAN YANG BENAR. DAN HAL ITU SAMA SEKALI TIDAK MENYENANGKAN ALLAH (ROMA 10:1-3, 17)

Wednesday, 24 December 2008

Genesis 1:28

Contradiction Type: Translational issue



Genesis 1:28, KJV


And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.



According to some, this verse in the King James Version indicates that Adam and Eve were to refill the planet, implying that that they weren't the first humans God created but were part of a "second creation." Many who accept the gap theory believe this. However, take a look at the same verse in the New King James Version.



Genesis 1:28, NKJV


Then God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth."



The word replenish in the King James Version was used in the seventeenth century (when the King James Version was translated) to simply mean "fill." According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it did not mean "refill" at the time the translators worked on the King James Bible. It expressed such ideas as to stock, fill, supply, or inhabit. Note that we don't have both plenish and replenish (like fill and refill). Replenish comes from the word replete; being replete with happiness is being full with happiness.


The first recorded use of the word replenish to mean "to fill again" occurred in 1612, one year after the King James Version was published. Furthermore, it was used in a poetic sense, and Genesis 1:28 is not poetry. The English word has changed meaning over the centuries so that the word replenish today generally means "refill."


The original Hebrew word for replenish in Genesis 1:28 is male. This word simply means "fill" and is translated that way in the King James elsewhere (e.g., Genesis 1:22). So neither the Hebrew word nor the English word chosen by the King James Version translators meant, at that time, "refill." The translators' choice of replenish may have been meant to convey something akin to "fill up" (i.e., to "make replete (full)"), but they were certainly not trying to convey anything about another filling of the earth.


The New King James Version (and some other versions) correctly translates the word in today's parlance as "fill." This apparent "contradiction" is simply a translational issue-not an error in the original manuscripts.

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